Sleep apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea is a common sleep condition in which a person stops breathing repeatedly during sleep due to partial or complete obstruction of the upper airway, hence the name obstructive, as opposed to central sleep apnea.

How common is obstructive sleep apnea?

Over 18 million Americans suffer from Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Do most people with obstructive sleep apnea know they have it?

Unfortunately, no. About 85 percent of these people are still undiagnosed and unaware of the affects of Obstructive Sleep Apnea on their health.

What are the risks of undiagnosed or untreated obstructive sleep apnea?

Obstructive Sleep apnea can lead to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, mood disorders, accident proneness and memory loss.

Sleep doctor NYCSleep apnea screening questions

Answer the following questions to see if you are at increased risk of Sleep Apnea.

[ ] Does your partner/significant other or family member complain of your loud snoring?

[ ] Did anyone ever say they observed pauses in your breathing?

[ ] Are you overweight or Obese? (Body Mass Index of 33 or above)

[ ] Do you feel sleepy or tired during the day?

[ ] Do you wake up choking, gasping for air or short of breath during
sleep?

Do you have a history of any of the following:

[ ] High Blood Pressure

[ ] Diabetes

[ ] Heart Disease

[ ] Stroke

[ ] Memory loss

[ ] Sexual dysfunction

[ ] Mood disorders such as depression or anxiety

Risk of sleep apnea increases with the following:

If you answered yes to two or more of the above question, you are at increased risk of 0bstructive sleep apnea. If you want to be screened or tested for risk of sleep apnea or other sleep disorders, call us today.

What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), as the name suggests, is a common sleep apnea caused by obstruction of the airway characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep.

Brief pauses in sleep

These episodes, called apneas (literally, “without breath”), each last long enough that one or more breaths are missed, and occur repeatedly throughout sleep. In obstructive sleep apnea, breathing is interrupted by a physical block to airflow, despite the effort to breathe.

 Risk factors
Old age is often accompanied by muscular & neurological loss of ability of the airways. Premature aging is temporarily caused by chemical depressants; alcoholic drinks being the most common.

Tired

Causes
Most cases of OSA are believed to be caused by:

old age (natural or premature),
brain injury (temporary or permanent),
decreased muscle tone,
increased soft tissue around the airway (sometimes due to obesity), and
structural features that give rise to a narrowed airway.
Decreased muscle tone can be caused by drugs or alcohol, or it can be caused by neurological problems or other disorders.

 Severity Rating
Apnea Hypopnea Index (number of times of stopping breathing per hour)<5 Normal
5-15 Mild
15-30 Moderate
>30 Severe

 How do you diagnosis Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
Diagnosis is often based on a combination of lab tests and patient history.

Polysomnography (in lab sleep study)
Results of polysomnography in obstructive sleep apnea show pauses in breathing.

Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common category of sleep-disordered breathing.

Home sleep study
In patients who are at high likelihood of having OSA, a randomized controlled trial found that home sleep studies may be adequate and easier to obtain than formal polysomnography.

What are the Treatment options?

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP): the most common and effective treatment for OSA. Sleep study

Dental Appliances: re position the jaw and tongue to bring the lower jaw forward and open up the airway. This treatment option is most effective for those with mild to moderate sleep apnea.

Surgery: is another option for patients who do not feel comfortable wearing a CPAP mask at night.  

What is the Prognosis if I have sleep apnea?
Although it takes some trial and error, most patients find a combination of treatments which reduce apnea events and improve their overall health, energy, and well-being. Without treatment, the sleep deprivation and lack of oxygen caused by sleep apnea increases health risks such as cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, clinical depression, weight gain and obesity.

The most serious consequence of untreated obstructive sleep apnea is to the heart. In severe and prolonged cases, there are increases in pulmonary pressures that are transmitted to the right side of the heart.

 How common is Sleep Apnea?

OSA is a common condition in many parts of the world. If studied carefully in a sleep lab by polysomnography, approximately 1 in 5 American adults has at least mild OSA.

OSA is more frequent than central sleep apnea.

If you snore, feel tired during the day, have a history of high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, mood disorders or memory loss, you may want to get tested for sleep disorders.

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Location

Slumber Sleep Services

A comprehensive sleep diagnostic, and treatment center serving residents of greater New York City ((NYC)

 W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep & Medspa
2632 E 21st St., Suite L2, Brooklyn, NY, 11235

Poly-Tech Sleep Services LLC
1718 Welsh Road, 2 nd Floor, Suite C
Philadelphia, PA 19115-4213
Phone: 215-676-2334
Fax: 215-676-2366

W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep & Medspa
Manhattan, NY – 401 E 55th Street New York, NY 10022

Poly-Tech Sleep Services LLC
1718 Welsh Road, 2 nd Floor, Suite C
Philadelphia, PA 19115-4213
Phone: 215-676-2334
Fax: 215-676-2366

Poly-Tech Sleep Services LLC
1718 Welsh Road, 2 nd Floor, Suite C
Philadelphia, PA 19115-4213
Phone: 215-676-2334
Fax: 215-676-2366

W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep & Medspa
1718 Welsh Road, 2nd Floor, Philadelphia, PA, 19115

Poly-Tech Sleep Services LLC
1718 Welsh Road, 2 nd Floor, Suite C
Philadelphia, PA 19115-4213
Phone: 215-676-2334
Fax: 215-676-2366

Poly-Tech Sleep Services LLC
1718 Welsh Road, 2 nd Floor, Suite C
Philadelphia, PA 19115-4213
Phone: 215-676-2334
Fax: 215-676-2366

W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep & Medical Spa NJ
140 E Evesham Rd, Cherry Hill, NJ 08003

Poly-Tech Sleep Services LLC
1718 Welsh Road, 2 nd Floor, Suite C
Philadelphia, PA 19115-4213
Phone: 215-676-2334
Fax: 215-676-2366

Poly-Tech Sleep Services LLC
1718 Welsh Road, 2 nd Floor, Suite C
Philadelphia, PA 19115-4213
Phone: 215-676-2334
Fax: 215-676-2366

W8MD Weight Loss, Sleep & Medspa
987 Old Eagle School Rd Suite 712, Wayne, PA 19087

Poly-Tech Sleep Services LLC
1718 Welsh Road, 2 nd Floor, Suite C
Philadelphia, PA 19115-4213
Phone: 215-676-2334
Fax: 215-676-2366

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