InsomniaWhat is insomnia?

  • Insomnia is inability to initiate or maintain sleep.
  • In some people, insomnia may present as early morning awakening in which the individual awakens several hours early and is unable to resume sleeping.

Symptoms of insomnia

  • Insomnia presents as fatigue, mood changes, irritability, lack of focus, anxiety, depression etc.
  • Insomnia can be acute or chronic and primary or secondary.
  • Difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep may often manifest itself as excessive daytime sleepiness.

Psychophysiologic insomnia

  • Chronic psychophysiological insomnia may result from a stressor combined with fear of being unable to sleep. Individuals with this condition may sleep better when not in their own beds.

Treatment of insomnia

  • Insomnia can be treated with a combination of behavior therapy, use of sedative-hypnotic or sedating antidepressant medications, along with behavioral techniques to promote regular sleep.

InsomniaMedications to treat insomnia

  • Zolpidem
  • Temazepam
  • Lunesta
  • Ativan
  • Restoril
  • Amitriptyline
  • Lorazepam
  • Ambien CR
  • Belsomra
  • Doxepin
  • Eszopiclone
  • Halcion
  • Diphenhydramine
  • Rozerem
  • Sonata
  • Flurazepam
  • Silenor
  • Estazolam
  • Doxylamine
  • Triazolam
  • Zolpimist
  • Silenor
  • Tasmelteon

Behavior therapy for insomnia

  • To break the cycle of anxiety and negative conditioning, experts recommend going to bed only when you’re sleepy.
  • If you can’t fall asleep (or fall back to sleep) within 20 minutes, get out of bed, go into another room, and do a relaxing activity (such as reading) until you feel sleepy again. Then return to bed. Studies have shown that this reconditioning therapy is an effective way to treat insomnia.

Relaxation therapy for insomnia

  • Relaxation therapy is another strategy that works for some people who have insomnia.
  • Relaxation therapy may include meditation and other mental relaxation techniques. It also may include physical relaxation techniques, such as progressively tensing and then relaxing each of the muscle groups in your body before sleep.
  • Another method is to focus on breathing deeply. Relaxation therapy can help your body and mind slow down so that you can fall asleep more easily at bedtime.

W8MD dream team

Frequently asked questions

  • How long will my insomnia last?
  • Does Insomnia last forever?
  • What to do when you have had no sleep?
  • Can Insomnia Be Dangerous?
  • Why do I suddenly have insomnia?
  • What are the 3 types of insomnia?
  • What is the best sleeping pill for insomnia?
  • Is insomnia a mental illness?
  • Is it OK to take sleeping pills every night?
  • Can I function on 5 hours of sleep?
  • What happens after 36 hours of no sleep?
  • Is 3 hours of sleep enough?
  • Is insomnia a sign of cancer?
  • What illnesses can cause insomnia?
  • Can no sleep kill you?
  • What should I eat if I have insomnia?
  • How does insomnia affect the brain?
  • Why am I not sleeping well at night?

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